Did the Dutch Own Indonesia?
Though Indonesian history featured other European colonial powers, it was the Dutch who solidified their hold on the archipelago. After VOC’s bankruptcy in 1800, the Netherlands took control of the archipelago in 1826.
Why did the Dutch Takeover Indonesia?
The first Europeans to establish themselves in Indonesia were the Portuguese in 1512. Following disruption of Dutch access to spices, the first Dutch expedition set sail for the East Indies in 1595 to access spices directly from Asia. When it made a 400% profit on its return, other Dutch expeditions soon followed.
What spices did the Dutch want from Indonesia?
The Dutch were drawn to Indonesia in the late 1500s by the promise of immense profits in the lucrative spice trade. Cloves, nutmeg and mace – found only on a few volcanic islands in Indonesia – were luxury items in Medieval Europe. They were highly valued for their exotic flavours and perceived medicinal properties.
Why did Dutch power decline in India?
The Dutch power decline in India following the Kew letters followed by the provisions of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty. Explanation: The first half of the eighteenth century saw an increase in Dutch business over India, however, the second half resulted in an opposite turn back and they lost their influence over the land.
Who has colonized Indonesia?
In 1596 the first Dutch vessels anchored at the shores of West Java. Over the next three centuries, the Dutch gradually colonized this archipelago until it became known as the Dutch East Indies.