Is Philippines a mega biodiversity country?
The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism. The Philippines’ biodiversity provides several ecosystem services.
What place in the Philippines that has rich biodiversity?
As a result, Palawan not only showcases many of the flora and fauna associated with the rest of the Philippines, but also has many birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, trees and plants found on the island of Borneo.
What is the percentage of biodiversity?
Their model revealed that, globally, biodiversity has fallen on average to 84.6 percent of what it was before people changed the landscape. If new species are accounted for, the average loss is at 88 percent. Both figures of biodiversity loss are below the threshold considered safe by some scientists.
What are the 6 main threats to biodiversity?
6 Main Threats to Biodiversity – Explained!
- Human Activities and Loss of Habitat: …
- Deforestation: …
- Desertification: …
- Marine Environment: …
- Increasing Wildlife Trade: …
- Climate Change:
What can you say about the Philippines biodiversity?
The Philippines is one of 18 mega-biodiverse countries of the world, containing two-thirds of the earth’s biodiversity and between 70% and 80% of the world’s plant and animal species. … In terms of fishes, the Philippines counts at least 3,214 species, of which about 121 are endemic and 76 threatened.
What is the ecosystem in the Philippines?
The Lay of the Land: Ecosystem Diversity in the Philippines
|General Types (Higher Level)||Sub-types (Lower Level)|
|Freshwater Ecosystem||Lacustrine: Lakes and ponds Riverine: rivers, streams, creeks Palustrine: marshes|
|Brackish/Estuarine Ecosystem||Mangrove swamp Nipa swamp|
What is the greatest threat to Philippine biodiversity Why?
The continuing habitat degradation and forestland conversion are major threats to Philippine biodiversity. These are attributed primarily to large-scale and indiscriminate logging and mining, burgeoning human population, overharvesting of resources, and infrastructure development.
What are the threats biodiversity?
Five main threats to biodiversity are commonly recognized in the programmes of work of the Convention: invasive alien species, climate change, nutrient loading and pollution, habitat change, and overexploitation.
What are types of biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity.