What was Singapore called before?
ABOUT “SINGAPURA BEFORE 1819”
The earliest records in which Singapore is mentioned describe it as a thriving port in the 14th century. It was known by different names then: The Chinese traders called it Danmaxi (Temasik or Temasek), while in the Sejarah Melayu (The Malay Annals), it was called Singapura.
What was Singapore called before 1942?
Singapore, renamed Syonan-to (昭南島 Shōnan-tō, “Bright Southern Island” in Japanese), was occupied by the Japanese from 1942 to 1945.
Does Singapore have a nickname?
The Garden City. The Asian Tiger. The “Fine” City. All venerable nicknames, but the longtime favorite is the Little Red Dot.
Why is Singapore called the lion city?
Singapore’s name is itself derived from ‘Singa Pura’ (which means “Lion City”). According to the Malay Annals, Sang Nila Utama, a prince from Palembang, gave this name to the island after he came ashore and saw a creature he believed to be a lion.
Who named Singapore?
However, the original legend was that a long time ago, a 14th century Sumatran prince spotted an auspicious beast upon landing on the island after a thunderstorm, which he was told was a ‘lion’. Thus, the name Singapore comes from the Malay words “Singa” for lion and “Pura” for city.
Why is Singapore not a part of Malaysia?
On 9 August 1965, Singapore separated from Malaysia to become an independent and sovereign state. The separation was the result of deep political and economic differences between the ruling parties of Singapore and Malaysia, which created communal tensions that resulted in racial riots in July and September 1964.
What country owns Singapore?
Singapore became part of Malaysia on 16 September 1963 following a merger with Malaya, Sabah, and Sarawak.
Is Singapore a British colony?
The Colony of Singapore was a British Crown colony that existed from 1946 and succeeded by the State of Singapore in 1959. When the Empire of Japan surrendered to the Allies at the end of World War II, Singapore was returned to the British in 1945.
How are names written in Singapore?
The name order promoted by the Singapore government is [SURNAME] [Chinese given name] [English given name] (e.g. TAN Mei Ling Emily). This tends to be the mostly commonly used arrangement. Some people’s English name may be based on a similarity in sound to their Chinese name, e.g. Ming Xuan becomes ‘Michelle’.
Which is the capital city of Singapore?
Singapore became the regional capital in 1836. Prior to Raffles’ arrival, there were only about a thousand people living on the island, mostly indigenous Malays along with a handful of Chinese.