What was Singapore called before Japanese occupation?

What was Singapore originally known as?

A long time ago, Singapore was once known as Sea Town. While the earliest known historical records of Singapore are shrouded in time, a third century Chinese account describes it as “Pu-luo-chung”, referring to “Pulau Ujong” which means the “island at the end of a peninsula” in the Malay language.

When did the British occupy Singapore?

Colony of Singapore

Colony of Singapore (1946–1959) State of Singapore (1959–1963)
• 1959–1963 Lee Kuan Yew
Historical era British Empire
• Dissolution of the Straits Settlements 1 April 1946
• Labuan transferred to North Borneo 15 July 1946

Who named Singapore?

However, the original legend was that a long time ago, a 14th century Sumatran prince spotted an auspicious beast upon landing on the island after a thunderstorm, which he was told was a ‘lion’. Thus, the name Singapore comes from the Malay words “Singa” for lion and “Pura” for city.

Why did Singapore get kicked out of Malaysia?

On 9 August 1965, Singapore separated from Malaysia to become an independent and sovereign state. The separation was the result of deep political and economic differences between the ruling parties of Singapore and Malaysia, which created communal tensions that resulted in racial riots in July and September 1964.

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Why British lost to the Japanese in Singapore?

The British Empire’s air, naval, and ground forces which were needed to protect the Malayan peninsula were inadequate from the start, and the failure of General Percival to counter the pincer movements of the Japanese led to the withdrawal of British Empire forces to Singapore.

How did Japanese occupation affect Singapore?

Japan’s Second World War occupation of Singapore was marked by acute shortages of food and basic consumer goods, malnutrition, rampant black markets and social breakdown. … Acquiescence of Singaporeans to Japanese rule was a notable aspect of occupation.

What is the meaning of Japanese occupation?

Occupation of Japan, (1945–52) military occupation of Japan by the Allied Powers after its defeat in World War II. Theoretically an international occupation, in fact it was carried out almost entirely by U.S. forces under Gen. Douglas MacArthur.

Did Malaysia fight in ww2?

The Malayan campaign was a military campaign fought by Allied and Axis forces in Malaya, from 8 December 1941 – 15 February 1942 during the Second World War.

Malayan campaign.

Date 8 December 1941 – 15 February 1942 (2 months, and 8 days)
Location British Malaya 4°0′N 102°30′E
Result Axis power victory

Who found Singapore first?

Raffles found a small Malay settlement at the mouth of the Singapore River, with an estimated population of about 150 that consisted of around 120 Malays and 30 Chinese. headed by the Temenggong and Tengku Abdul Rahman.

What was the main reason for British colonization of Singapore?

During those times, the British were competing with the Dutch in their trade affairs and Sir Stamford Raffles identified the need for a port in the Southeastern part of Asia. Thus, they landed in Singapore, as it was the ideal destination for establishing a port.

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Why was Singapore chosen as a British port?

British trading ships were heavily taxed at Dutch ports, stifling British trade in the region. Raffles reasoned that the way to challenge the Dutch was to establish a new port in the region. Existing British ports were not in a strategic enough position to becoming major trading centres.